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The Responsibility to Protect - R2P - is the global moral compact that will end atrocity crimes.

The Responsibility to Protect doctrine, initially given a voice by leaders in the human rights community in 2001, is the enabling principle that first obligates individual states and then the international community to prevent and end unconscionable acts of violence irrespective of where those acts occur. R2P was universally endorsed at the 2005 World Summit and then re-affirmed in 2006 by the U.N. Security Council.
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US Backs R2P
United Nations (July 2009): The Obama administration is supporting moves to implement an U.N. doctrine calling for collective military action to halt genocide. In a week-long debate on implementing the Responsibility to Protect Doctrine, the U.S. joined a majority of U.N. countries, including Russia and China, in supporting implementation of the policy. The doctrine itself was approved in 2005 by more than 150 states including the U.S.

The doctrine specifies that diplomatic options such as internal conflict resolution, sanctions, and prosecution by the Internation Criminal Court, should be used first. If they don't work, then a multi-national force approved by the Security Council would be deployed.

The debate about the implementation was reported by Joe Lauria in the Wall Street Journal on July 30, 2009.

 

 
Book Announcement: R2P
Responsibility To Protect: The Global Moral Compact for the 21st Century
Edited by Richard H. Cooper and Juliette Voinov Kohler
In 2005, the international community unanimously endorsed a revolutionary norm that has the potential to end genocide and other atrocity crimes in our time. Despite its endorsement at the highest political level and the general feeling of the American public that “something needs to be done” to prevent and stop atrocity crimes, the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is very much absent from public thinking and the political agenda in the United States. Written by a stellar cast of authors, this book informs the public and leadership about R2P and its potential. It will also influence the academic, community and political debates by providing crucial insights on how to move R2P from rhetoric to action.
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